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9th International Conference on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), will be organized around the theme “Scrutinizing the challenges and developing novel approaches for COPD treatment”

COPD Congress 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in COPD Congress 2019

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\r\n Asthma is a common inflammatory disease in airways of the lungs. Asthma affects inside of walls of airways are swollen or flamed and causes allergic asthma. Swelling creates the airways even narrower. Cells in the airways tends to cause more mucus production. Secretion is a thick, sticky liquid that can further slender the airways. This chain reaction can result in respiratory disease symptoms and may cause allergic diseases. It is mainly characterized by reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Asthma is classified according to the frequency of symptoms, forced expiratory volume in one second, and peak expiratory flow rate. These measures may occur a few times a day or a few times per week. Depending on the person, they may become worse at night or with exercise. Asthma cannot be cured but with better treatment, people can control and active their lives

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  • Track 1-1Allergic rhinitis
  • Track 1-2Cough variant
  • Track 1-3Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease
  • Track 1-4Congestion
  • Track 1-5Occupational asthma

\r\n The blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance which has moved from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream or when there is usually a blood clots in lung, blocks the blood flowing through an artery which feeds the lungs. The regularly recurrent symptoms of embolism are characterized by coughing of blood, shortness of breath, chest pain while breathing in and coughing up blood. If the pulmonary embolism is large, it may be capable of such a large mismatch, the patient cannot get enough oxygen into the blood and can be become acutely short of breath. Rapid treatment to break up the clot greatly reduces the danger of death. It can be done with blood thinners and drugs or procedures. Corporal activity Compression stockings can help prevent clots from forming in the first place. Small effusions and lung cancer is caused due to smaller pulmonary emboli which tends to lodge in more exterior areas without collateral circulation they are more likely to the effects which are painful, but not hypoxia, dyspnea or hemodynamic instability such as tachycardia. Larger PEs, which tend to lodge centrally, typically hypoxia, low blood pressure, fast heart rate and fainting, but are often painless because there is no lung infarction due to collateral circulation. The standard presentation for pulmonary embolism with pleuritic pain, dyspnea and tachycardia is likely caused by a large fragmented embolism causing both large and small PEs. The, small PEs are frequently missed because they cause pleuritic pain unaided without any other results and large PEs often missed because they are painless and mimic.

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  • Track 2-1Deep vein thrombosis
  • Track 2-2Anticoagulants
  • Track 2-3Pulmonary edema
  • Track 2-4Thrombolytic therapy
  • Track 2-5Post thrombotic syndrome

\r\n Respiratory diseases are the common and significant cause of illness and death around worldwide. In the UK, nearly 1 in 7 individuals are affected by some type of chronic lung disease. People with respiratory disease have difficulty respiration from a limitation in processing air out of lungs which further can cause emphysema and chronic bronchitis. The tissues and organs that make exchange of gas probable in higher organisms, and includes conditions of trachea, bronchi, upper respiratory tract, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing occurs in case of uncontrolled conditions. They are characterized by a high inflammatory cell recruitment or destructive cycle of infection. Some of the most common are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary effusion. As CRDs are not remediable; however, various forms of treatment that help dilate major air passages and improve shortness of breath can help control symptoms and increase the quality of life for people with the diseases.

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  • Track 3-1Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Track 3-2Respiratory failure
  • Track 3-3Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
  • Track 3-4Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Track 3-5Upper Respiratory tract infections

\r\n Lung cancer is the major cause of cancer-related death worldwide. About 85% of cases are related to cigarette smoke and is a malignant tumor categorized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of lungs and rarely to other parts of the body. The cases are often caused by a combination of genetic factors and exposure to radon gas, second-hand smoke, asbestos or other forms of air pollution. Lung cancer may be seen on computed tomography and chest radiographs.

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\r\n Lung cancers are of two types, they grow and spread differently are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancers. The lungs are giant, tumor grows in them for a prolonged time before they are found. Small-cell lung cancer represents about 15 to 20 %of lung cancers where as Non-Small cell lung cancer represents about 80%. More than two-thirds of nonsmokers having lung cancer are women, and maximum of them posses adenocarcinoma. The general diagnosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at a progressive stage. The survival rate in five year is around 54% for early stage lung cancer that is confined to the lungs, but only around 4% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer.

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  • Track 4-1Chemotherapy
  • Track 4-2Radiation therapy
  • Track 4-3Pulmonary lobectomy
  • Track 4-4Mesothelioma
  • Track 4-5Chronic respiratory infections

\r\n In chronic pulmonary disease immune dysfunction occurs. Chronic inflammation contributes to lung damage, consists of innate and adaptive immune responses. extensive immune dysfunction due to the presence and functional activity of T regulatory cells, CD4+ exhausted effector T cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells. Manipulation of these immunosuppressive networks in COPD could provide a rational strategy to restore functional immune responses, reduce exacerbations, and improve lung function. It facilitates the episodes of respiratory tract infections further proceeds to the pathological appearances of the disease. Inflammation is accompanied by the initiation of defective immune responses that subsidize to worsening the inflammatory lung and disease severity. Advanced approaches to adapt immune responses could be useful in preventing the adverse consequences of most of the inflammatory reactions in the lungs.

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  • Track 5-1Influenza
  • Track 5-2Sarcoidosis
  • Track 5-3Albinism
  • Track 5-4Sporadic pulmonary disorders

\r\n The epidemiological studies of chronic pulmonary disease to quantify the burden of COPD on society and to compare it with various diseases. It is the fourth main cause of death, the spread of the burden of COPD is and will remain a hot topic, as resources for any health intervention are always limited, and they need to be used carefully.  Consequently, COPD is associated with a significant economic burden, including hospitalization, work absence, and disability. Existence rates for people with severe COPD  and pulmonary disease are, in fact, worse than those for people with many common cancers. Cigarette smoking is the fundamental factor, but other factors play a major role in initiating and triggering COPD. Emphasis on the multi-dimensional nature of the problem and an attempt of as long as insight into probable de-bottlenecking to diminish the suffering and pain of millions of COPD patients.  

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  • Track 6-1Pulmonary hypertension
  • Track 6-2Prevalence
  • Track 6-3Mortality and morbidity
  • Track 6-4Hypoxemia

\r\n The medications of pulmonary obstructive disease mitigate the harmful effects that influences difficulty in breathing. Main purpose is to relieve symptoms, minimize the side effects, decrease the risk factors and promote the passage of air through airways into lungs. Advanced medications that help open inflamed lung airways to breathe better and a new class of drugs minimize the risk of pulmonary fibrosis and other related diseases. Even for further progressive stages of disease, operative therapy is accessible that can control symptoms, reduce your risk of complications and exacerbations, and improve the ability to lead an active life.

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  • Track 7-1Glucocorticoids
  • Track 7-2Bronchodilators
  • Track 7-3Steroids
  • Track 7-4Antibiotics
  • Track 7-5Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

\r\n Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is mostly generous and is related with an anomalous inflammatory response of the lungs to harmful particles or gases also with prevention and air flow limitation. Public health programs mainly focus on prevention of tobacco use, reducing industrial exposure to chemicals, dusts, other outdoor and indoor air pollutants. Early treatment and control of asthma may avoid the development of COPD. The objective of COPD prevention and management is to recover a patient’s functional status and quality of life by conserving optimal lung function, relieve from symptoms, pulmonary critical care and preventing the recurrence of exacerbations 

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  • Track 8-1Pulmonary Rehabilitation
  • Track 8-2Smoking Cessation
  • Track 8-3COPD management
  • Track 8-4Pulmonary Function Test
  • Track 8-5Treatment of exacerbations

\r\n Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in lungs and the right side of heart. These are the serious conditions that become progressively worse and are sometimes fatal. These fluctuations can cause the walls of the arteries to become thick and stiff, and extra tissue may form. The blood vessels may also become inflamed and tight. The symptoms are characterized by chest pain, swelling in ankles, legs.  Although some forms of pulmonary hypertension aren't curable, treatment can help lessen symptoms and improve the quality of life. Moreover, pregnancy may have serious threats for women with pulmonary hypertension, so be sure to discuss birth control options with the physician.

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  • Track 9-1Gene mutation
  • Track 9-2Congenital heart disease
  • Track 9-3Arrhythmia
  • Track 9-4Angina
  • Track 9-5Liver disease

\r\n The circumstances of the obstructive pulmonary disease can be prevented by decreasing contact with risk factors. It includes decreasing rates of smoking and improving indoor and outdoor air quality. Regardless of frequent medical treatments, surgery may be measured for the symptomatic patient with medically-optimized, end-stage COPD. Effective management of COPD is based on the ability to slow disease progression, prevent infection, and treat reversible symptoms. If the scope of disease is not completely unalterable (end stage), its progression can be decelerated through smoking reduction and decrease exposure to environmental pollutants or occupational irritants, and long-term therapy with supplemental oxygen. Several agents are available for the management of reversible bronchospasm associated with COPD. People having advanced chronic pulmonary conditions undergo several treatments like bronchoscopy. The goal of surgical interventions and therapy of chronic lung disease is to prolong life by preventing secondary complications, to relieve dyspnea, and to enhance the quality of life by improving functional status.

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  • Track 10-1Lung Transplant
  • Track 10-2Bullectomy
  • Track 10-3Oxygen Therapy
  • Track 10-4Lung Volume Reduction Surgery
  • Track 10-5Nicotine Replacement Therapy

\r\n COPD is a slowly progressive condition characterized by airflow limitation, which is largely irreversible. It is characterized and defined by limitation of expiratory airflow. The current scenario is chronic airflow limitation results from an abnormal inflammatory response to inhaled particles and gases in the lung. The inflammatory mediators, including oxidants and proteases, are believed to play a major role in causing lung injury. Pathogenesis of COPD-an imbalance between proteases and antiproteases and an imbalance between oxidants and oxidative stress in the lungs. The pathological process of chronic lung disease is based on the concept that pulmonary diseases involve stages of commencement by pollutants, infectious agents and exposure to smoke, consolidation and progression. Tissue damage involves complex interactions among oxidative stress, chronic inflammation, extracellular matrix proteolysis, and apoptotic and autophagic cell death.

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  • Track 11-1Apoptosis
  • Track 11-2Hyperinflation
  • Track 11-3Inflammation
  • Track 11-4Vasoconstriction
  • Track 11-5Emphysema

\r\n The chronic pulmonary disorder is a major risk factor of children’s death. Series of studies on pediatric pulmonary disorder indicates overlapping age groups from birth to late middle age that early life event which includes antenatal influences on lung growth and programs the child at increased risk for future COPD. Various signs are phlegm production, chronic cough, frequent lung infections, and difficulty doing daily activities because of breathlessness. Pediatric pulmonology is based on diagnosis, treatment, and accomplish children from birth to 21 years old with breathing and lung diseases. The COPD disorders in infants like pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, complicated chest infections are cured pediatric pulmonologists.

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  • Track 12-1Tuberculosis
  • Track 12-2Dysplasia
  • Track 12-3Interstitial lung disease
  • Track 12-4Cystic fibrosis
  • Track 12-5Recurrent aspiration